Guard your Salah (obligatory regular prayers) especially
the middle Salah and stand up with true devotion to Allah.
If you are in danger, pray on foot or while riding; and
when you are safe, remember Allah in the manner that He
has taught you which you did not know before.
Those of you who die and leave widows should bequeath for
them a year’s maintenance without causing them to leave
their homes; but if they leave the residence on their
own there is no blame on you for what they chose for themselves
in a fair way. Allah is Mighty, Wise. Reasonable provisions
must also be made for divorced women. That is an obligation
upon those who fear Allah. That’s how Allah makes His
Revelations clear to you so that you may understand.
SECTION: 32 Have you reflected on the
case of thousands of people (Israelites) who fled
their homes for fear of death? Allah said to them: “Die”
(gave them death). Then He gave them life again.
Surely Allah is bountiful to mankind, but most of the people
are ungrateful. O believers, fight in the path of Allah
without fear of death and bear in mind that Allah
hears and knows everything.
Who will loan to Allah a beautiful loan
which Allah will increase many fold? Allah alone can decrease
and increase wealth, and to Him you all shall return.
Have you not reflected on what the leaders of the children
of Israel demanded from one of their Prophets after the
death of Musa (Moses)? “Appoint for us a king,” they
said, “and we will fight in the cause of Allah.” The Prophet
replied: “What if you refuse to fight when you are ordered
to do so?” They replied, “How could we refuse to fight in
the cause of Allah, while we along with our children were
driven out of our homes?” But when, on their demand,
they were ordered to fight, all refused except a few of
them. Allah knows the evildoers.
Their Prophet told them: “Allah has appointed
Talüt (Saul) to be your king.” They replied: “How
can he be our king when some of us are more deserving than
him? Besides, he is not rich.” The Prophet said: “Allah
has chosen him to rule over you and blessed him with knowledge
and stature. Allah grants kingship to whom He pleases and
Allah has boundless knowledge." Furthermore, their
Prophet told them: “The sign of his appointment as a king
is that there will come to you the chest in which there
is tranquillity from your Rabb and the residue of relics
which the family of Musa (Moses) and the family of
Haroon (Aaron) left behind, and that chest will be
carried by the angels. Surely therein is a sign for you
if you are true believers.”
When Talüt marched forth with his army,
he announced: “Allah will test you at a certain river; anyone
who will drink from its water shall cease to be my soldier,
and those who will not drink to quench their thirst with
its water except a sip or so from the hollow of their hands
shall fight on my side.” They all drank from it, inspite
of this warning, except a few of them. When he and those
who believed with him crossed the river, they said: “We
have no power left this day against Jalüt (Goliath)
and his warriors.” But the believers, who knew they would
meet Allah, replied: "It has often happened that a small
group, by the grace of Allah, has vanquished a mighty army.
Allah is with those who endure with patience."