O Prophet! Fear Allah and do not obey the unbelievers and the hypocrites: certainly Allah is aware and wise. Follow that which is revealed to you from your Rabb: for Allah is aware of what you do. Put your trust in Allah: for Allah is your all-sufficient protector.
Allah has not put two hearts in a person’s
body: nor does He regard your wives whom you divorce
through Zihãr (divorcing a wife saying: from now on you
are as my mother, depriving her conjugal rights yet keeping
her like a slave nor letting her marry anyone else)
as your mothers: nor does He regard your adopted sons as
your sons. These are mere words which you utter with your
mouths; but Allah declares the Truth and guides you to the
Right Way. Name your adopted sons after their fathers;
that is more just in the sight of Allah, and if you don’t
know who their fathers are, then call them as your brothers
in faith and your friends. There is no blame on you for
an unintentional mistake, but you will be held responsible
for what you do with the intention of your hearts; Allah
is Forgiving, Merciful.
The Prophet is closer to the believers
than their own selves and his wives are as their mothers.
Blood relatives have a greater claim on one another than
the other believers and the Muhãjirin (early Muslims
who migrated from Makkah to Madinah) according to the
Book of Allah: although you are permitted to some good (through
leaving bequests) for your friends . This has been written
in the Book of Allah. O Muhammad, remember the
Covenant which We took from all the Prophets - from you
as well as from Nüh, Ibrãhïm, Musa and Isa (Jesus)
son of Maryam - We took that solemn Covenant from all of
them, so that He may question the truthful concerning
the Truth (that they were entrusted with): as for
the unbelievers, He has prepared a painful punishment.
O believers! Remember the favor of Allah, which he bestowed
on you, when you were attacked by your enemy’s army (during
the battle of Trench/Confederates) and We unleashed
against them violent winds and invisible forces. Allah saw
all that you were doing. When the enemy attacked you
from above and from below; when your eyes were petrified
due to fear and your hearts leaped up to your throats,
and you began to entertain all sorts of doubts about Allah,
there, the believers were put to test; and were shaken with
Remember, when the hypocrites and those
in whose hearts there was a disease were openly saying:
“Allah and His Rasool promised us nothing but delusion!”
And a party of them said: “O people of Yathrib (Madinah)!
You cannot stand the attack much longer. Go back to your
city.” And yet another party of them sought leave of
the Prophet saying: “In fact our houses are insecure,” whereas
they were not insecure. They intended nothing but to run
away from the battlefront. Had the city been
entered from all sides, and had they been incited to sedition,
they would have had little hesitation to become partners
in it. Even though they had made covenant with Allah
not to show their backs, and the covenant with Allah must
surely be answered for.
Tell them: “Running away will not do you
any good, and if you are running away from death or being
killed, you would enjoy this life only for a little while."
Ask them: “Who can protect you from Allah if He intends
to harm you or who can prevent Him if He intends
to show you mercy?” They will find none besides Allah to
protect or help them. Allah is well aware of those among
you who hold others back and those who say to their brethren:
“Join us,” and seldom take part in the fighting themselves.
They are ever reluctant to assist you. Whenever they are
in danger, they look towards you with their eyes rolling
as though they were at the point of death, but when they
are out of danger, they will come to greet you with their
sharp tongues in greed for gain. Such people have no faith.
Allah has made all their deeds null and void, and this is
easy for Allah. They thought that the confederates would
never withdraw. Indeed, if the confederates should come
again, they would wish to be among the beduins and seek
news about you from a safe distance; and if they
happened to be with you, they would take but a little part
in the fighting.